Investigations on Bacteriological Quality of Tap Water Sources within the University of Port Harcourt

Main Article Content

H. O. Stanley
C. J. Ugboma
P. C. Uzoaru

Abstract

In this study, the sanitary quality of tap water sources within the University of Port Harcourt was investigated in order to determine its suitability for drinking and other domestic applications. Eight composite samples of tap water were collected from Eight different locations within the three campuses of the University of Port Harcourt using 300 ml-capacity sterile containers. These locations included NDDC Hostel, Sports Hostel, Medical Hostel, NUH Hostel, Dan Etete Hostel, Delta A Hostel, Delta B Hostel and Choba Campus. After collection, water samples were taken to the laboratory for enumeration and identification of Total heterotrophic bacteria (THB), Total coliform (TC) and Faecal coliform (FC) using the membrane filtration method. Result showed that the average THB, TC and FC counts recorded in the tap water samples across the eight locations ranged from 12.4 CFU to 36.7 CFU, 4.3 CFU to 10.1 CFU and 2.8 CFU to 5.2 CFU per 100ml respectively. Bacterial isolates were identified as probably belonging to genera such as Bacillus spp., Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., Staphylococcus spp., Proteus spp., Citrobacter spp., Serratia spp. and Escherichia spp., respectively. Samples from Delta B hostel and Choba campus recorded the lowest and highest THB, TC and FC counts respectively. According to WHO standard, the result of THB, TC and FC counts indicated that the tap water in all eight locations were above the limit acceptable for drinking but within acceptable limit for other domestic use such as bathing and washing.

Keywords:
Tap water sources, University of Port Harcourt, coli form bacteria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Stanley, H., Ugboma, C., & Uzoaru, P. (2019). Investigations on Bacteriological Quality of Tap Water Sources within the University of Port Harcourt. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 16(3), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamb/2019/v16i330124
Section
Original Research Article

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