Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients with Dyspeptic Symptoms in Damaturu Metropolitan

Main Article Content

S. Gide
Y. Ibrahim
G. Anas
S. D. Alegbe

Abstract

Aim: To study the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) contamination among dyspeptic patients in Damaturu and report on the relationship between H. pylori predominance and different age groups in the population under study.

Methods: A sum of 229 volunteers with dyspeptic symptoms (140 females and 89 males; mean period of 43.6 ± 14.2 years) took an interest in the investigation. The status of infection caused by H. pylori was determined using serological test. Information was gathered by the utilization of self-managed survey while status of H. pylori was resolved dependent on the serological examination (fast symptomatic test). The one Step H. Pylori serum whole blood rapid test kit was used to detect the presence of IgG antibodies specific to H. pylori infections in the participants.

Results: The prevalence of H. pylori disease was 51.96%. There was no noteworthy factual relationship between age and contamination rate at p-value (0.1515). In young subjects (under 11 years of age), the H. pylori contamination rate was moderately higher (50.00%). The most extreme number of the positive patients was found in the age range of 50-59 years (69.23%) and the base prevalence was in the age range of 10-19 years (50.00%).

The overall prevalence of H. pylori contamination between the gender is out of 89 males, 55 were found to be positive to the infection (61.79%), while out of 140 females, 64 were also positive (45.71%). Despite these findings, there was no critical factual relationship between the genders and H. pylori infection (p=0.113). The statistical qualities of members at the examination section demonstrate that out of 129 patients having a place with the upper lower class, 85 subjects (66.40%) were found to be positive to H. pylori. The lower-middle-class demonstrates that out of 89 subjects 30 were positive (33.70%), while upper-middle outcome demonstrates that out of 12 subjects 4 were confirmed with 33.33%. This demonstrates that subjects living under overcrowded  conditions with dense population have a high contamination rate of H. pylori and therefore is a noteworthy factual relationship between socio-statistic factors and overall prevalence of H. Pylori infection (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: We came to realize the overall prevalence of H. pylori contamination in patients with dyspeptic symptoms in Damaturu. The H. pylori contamination might be a hazard factor for peptic ulcer and more grounded gastritis.

Keywords:
Helicobacter pylori, dyspepsia, occupation, sanitary habit, socio-economic status.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gide, S., Ibrahim, Y., Anas, G., & Alegbe, S. D. (2019). Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients with Dyspeptic Symptoms in Damaturu Metropolitan. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 18(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamb/2019/v18i230159
Section
Original Research Article

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