Prevalence and Antibiogram Characteristics of Bacteriuria and Cadidiuria among Indigenes of Selected Parts of Akure North, Ondo State

Main Article Content

Ruth Ebunoluwa Bodunrinde
Olubukola Olusola-Makinde
Muftau Kolawole Oladunmoye

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and antibiogram characteristics of bacteria and fungi in urine samples of some selected towns in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Study Design: Experimental design.

Study Location: Urine samples were collected from patients visiting University of Medical Science Teaching Hospital Akure and indigenes of Ogbese, Ipogun-Ayo and Ita-oniyan community in Ondo North, Nigeria.

Methodology: Pre-survey of the study participants was carried out using randomly distributed questionnaires. Two hundred and forty-three (243) urine samples were randomly collected from apparently healthy male and female participants cutting across different age groups. Presumptive identification of isolated bacteria and fungi were cultured on general and differential media (cysteine lactose electrolyte deficient agar, blood agar, nutrient agar, and Potato dextrose agar, for fungal isolates) were done using standard methods. The clinical and relative typed isolates were collected from Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi (FIIRO) and were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity pattern using array of ten (10) conventional antibiotics according to Clinical Laboratory Standard Instruction.

Results: Stapylococcus aureus was the most frequently occurred (27.2%) bacteria isolated from the urine samples while, Candida albicans had the least (5.6%) occurrence.  These findings revealed that bacteriuria and candidiuria were prevalent among the indigenes of Ipogun-Ayo, Ondo State, with antibiotic sensitivity to few conventional antibiotics. This is an indication of UTI among the indigenes and urgent need for medical attention.

Keywords:
Urinary tract infections, bacteriuria, candidiuria, colony forming unit, antibiotics.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bodunrinde, R. E., Olusola-Makinde, O., & Oladunmoye, M. K. (2019). Prevalence and Antibiogram Characteristics of Bacteriuria and Cadidiuria among Indigenes of Selected Parts of Akure North, Ondo State. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 18(4), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamb/2019/v18i430178
Section
Original Research Article

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