Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Salmonella from Chicken Eggs in Naogaon District of Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Md. Saroat Hossain
K. M. Mozaffor Hossain
Md. Mahbubul Alam Sarker
Sm. Ahasanul Hamid

Abstract

Salmonella is one of the most common zoonotic bacteria that cause foodborne illness in humans. An investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Salmonella isolates from chicken eggs in the Naogaon district, Bangladesh. Salmonella was isolated from cultures on different selective-differential media and further identified by biochemical tests. Antibiogram study was done by the disk diffusion method. The overall prevalence of Salmonella was recorded as 7.78%, whereas 5.56% was on eggshell surfaces and 2.22% was in egg contents. The Salmonella prevalence was 8.33%, 13.33% and 1.67% in chicken eggs from layer farms, whole sellers and retailers, respectively. Salmonella isolates were found 50.0% to 85.71% sensitive to chloramphenicol, gentamycin, ciprofloxacin, and ceftriaxone. Resistance against gentamycin, chloramphenicol, and ampicillin was found significant ranging from 21.43% to 71.42%. The highest resistance was found in amoxicillin (92.86%). The present study proposes that chicken eggs are a potential reservoir of multidrug-resistant Salmonella. Antibiotic-resistant Salmonella will pose a problem to treat Salmonella infection in humans. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the risk of Salmonella resistance in chicken eggs.

Keywords:
Chicken eggs, Salmonella, antibiotics, sensitivity, resistance.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hossain, M. S., Hossain, K. M. M., Sarker, M. M. A., & Hamid, S. A. (2019). Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Salmonella from Chicken Eggs in Naogaon District of Bangladesh. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 19(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamb/2019/v19i230187
Section
Original Research Article

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