Effect of Lactic Acid on Inactivation of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC) Isolated from Tuna Loins Produced in Côte D’Ivoire

Main Article Content

Andree Emmanuelle Sika
Yolande Ake-Assi
Therese Anoman
Ollo Kambire
Rose Koffi-Nevry
Koffi Marcellin Dje

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this work was to study the effect of lactic acid on the growth of pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli (ETEC) isolated from tuna loins.

Study Design: Bacteriological study.

Place and Duration of Study: Laboratory of Microbiology of the Central Laboratory of Food hygiene and Agrobusiness (LCHAI), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire between September 2014 and December 2014.

Methodology: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains were isolated from tuna loins. Lactic acid (LA) 1%, 2% and 3% were tested in pathogenic strains in liquid medium (brain heart infusion broth, BHI) and in tuna loins.

Results: At lactic acid 1%, the bacterial loads decreased during the first two days and then stabilized. E. coli strains in tuna loins were higher (1.25 to 0.9 log CFU/g) than E. coli in liquid medium (0.69 to 0.3 log CFU/g). No bacterial growth was observed in the tuna loins and in BHI for concentrations of 2% and 3% of lactic acid.

Conclusion: Lactic acid has an inhibitory effect at 1% and bactericidal effect at 2% and 3% on the growth of E. coli. The use of lactic acid as a preservative could be a solution for the preservation of these products.

Keywords:
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), lactic acid (LA), tuna loins, brain heart infusion broth (BHI).

Article Details

How to Cite
Sika, A. E., Ake-Assi, Y., Anoman, T., Kambire, O., Koffi-Nevry, R., & Dje, K. M. (2020). Effect of Lactic Acid on Inactivation of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC) Isolated from Tuna Loins Produced in Côte D’Ivoire. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 20(4), 41-50. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamb/2020/v20i430235
Section
Original Research Article

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